- (sample space)
If R is the measure of an earthquake on the Richter scale, then of the following sample spaces for R, which one(s) would be considered valid? For ones that you do not think are valid, briefly explain why not.

a) {0 < R <= 2, 2 < R <= 6, 6 < R}

b) {0 < R <= 4, 3 < R <= 6, 6 < R}

c) {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9} - (multiplication rule for independent events)
In the dice game craps, each throw consists of rolling two dice and taking their sum. You win on the first throw if you get a 7 or 11. Big Julie from Chicago brings his own dice to a game and wins on his first throw four times in a row. What is the probability of this happening with fair dice?

- (contingency tables)
A magazine asked some women aged 55 or older whether they thought their husbands needed Rogaine or Viagra. 50 percent said that they thought that their husbands needed Rogaine. 20 percent said that they thought that their husbands needed Viagra. 5 percent thought that they needed both.

Are the need for Rogaine and the need for Viagra independent, related positively, or related negatively? Justify your answer.

- (conditional probability)
90 percent of my email is spam. My email filter puts 80 percent of all my email into a junk mail folder. But it puts 1 percent of my good email into a junk mail folder. What percentage of the email that my filter puts into a junk mail folder is spam?

- (conditional probability)
My daughters inform me that 75 percent of my pants look dorky. 65 percent of my bluejeans look dorky. 40 percent of my pants are not bluejeans. What percent of my dorky pants are not bluejeans?